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  • Title:  Red light alleviates Cd toxicity in Egeria densa by modifying carbon-nitrogen metabolism and boosting energy metabolism
  • Authors: 
  • Corresponding Author:  Shanwei Wang, Wei Xing, Liyuan Wang, Wei Li, Zuoming Xie, Wenmin Huang*
  • Pubyear:  2024
  • Title of Journal:  Aquatic Toxicology
  • Paper Code: 
  • Volume:  266
  • Number: 
  • Page:  106804
  • Others: 
  • Classification: 
  • Source: 


  • Among the various pollutants detected in aquatic ecosystems, cadmium (Cd) is considered as one of the most hazardous. Freshwater macrophytes have been recognized as possible candidates for eliminating Cd from environment. Nevertheless, the impact of light quality on their ability to tolerate Cd toxicity remains unclear, and the underlying mechanisms have yet to be fully elucidated. In this study, we utilized physiological testing and metabolomics to explore the potential mechanisms by which light quality influences the ability of Egeria densa, a significant Cd hyperaccumulator, to withstand Cd toxicity. The study demonstrated that following Cd treatment, E. densa grown under red light exhibited superior photosynthetic efficiency compared to those grown under blue light, as evidenced by significantly increased photosynthetic rate, higher starch content, and greater activity of photosynthetic enzymes. Moreover, metabolomic analyses revealed that under Cd stress, E. densa grown under red light exhibited an enhanced glycolysis for increased energy production. Sucrose metabolism was also improved to generate sufficient sugar including glucose, fructose and mannose for osmotic adjustment. Moreover, under red light, the heightened production of alpha-ketoglutarate via tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle redirected nitrogen flow towards the synthesis of resilient substances such as gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) and methionine. The production of these substances was 2.0 and 1.3 times greater than that of treatment with Cd under blue light, thereby improving E. densa's capacity to withstand Cd stress. This study represents the initial investigation into the possible mechanisms by which light quality influences the ability of E. densa to withstand Cd toxicity through regulating CN metabolism. Furthermore, these findings have the potential to improve phytoremediation strategies aimed at reducing Cd pollution.
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